Ecuador ratifies need to reform OAS and IACHR
28 de Noviembre de 2012 - 16h41
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Ecuador ratified on Wednesday the necessity of reforming the Inter-american Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). President Rafael Correa, minister Ricardo Patiño and General Secretary of the OAS, José Miguel Insulza reviewed, in Quito, the advances in the process of modification of the inter-american system of promotion and protection of fundamental rights that is applied in the hemisphere.
During the meeting, the reforms to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) were dealt and there was a debate around if the organization founded on 1959 has or not the capacity of requiring to the States the adoption of precautionary measures, with the purpose of supposedly prevent irreparable damages to people under these jurisdictions, in a independent way or case of any petition, such as it shows on its bylaw.
“He have said openly that the Commission doesn´t have attributions to dictate precautionary measures. It doesn´t have them. That is not in its statutes therefore it cannot dictate them. However, it put them in their bylaw. In the regulation, one can precise the mechanisms to accomplish the functions that the statutes give, one cannot invent functions”, explained Minister Patiño.
The lines on the reform of the IACHR are found in the report of the Ad Hoc Working Group of reflection on the operation of the Inter-American Human Rights System that was approved without reservations by the Extraordinary General Assembly, which took place in Cochabamba, Bolivia last June. Secretary Insulza is confident that there will be a consensus on the changes once its analysis and debate are complete.
A Extraordinary General Assembly of the OAS must know the topic by no later than the first quarter of next year.
In regards to the subject of a consolidation of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean Countries (CELAC) as an alternative to the OAS, Insulza stated that “we must look at the things with much more carefully. Today there are no replacements for the OAS, for example, in the human rights topic, electoral observation system, matter of public safety. So to speak, we are the custodians of all inter-American treaties”.
On the other hand, Insulza requested President Rafael Correa to receive a commission which is in charge of preparing a report about the battle against drugs topic, with the purpose of presenting a position upon this problem.
The meeting was held in the framework of the visit to Quito that was carried out by the General Secretary of the OAS on the occasion of the IX Meeting of Ministers of Justice, Prosecutors and Attorneys of the Americas to be held until Thursday.
PRESS RELEASE No. 1323
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